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How to start an Architectural Design

When starting an architectural design I begin with relating 5 crucial pieces of information. These 5 points are the Program, Site, Constraints, Concept, and pretensions of the design. By relating these main points and mastermind will have enough information to begin an architectural design.

Before beginning an architectural design an architect should first identify 5 key points.

  1. Program
  2. Site
  3. Constraints
  4. Concept
  5. Goals

Starting an Architectural Design


What is the building Program?

The first step to any design would be to identify the structure program. A Program is an architectural term for what type of structure is it and what goes into the structure. So the Program is the use and general figure of spaces. If we were going to design an apartment erecting the program may be a domestic structure with at least 50 units for example. However, how numerous scholars they plan to accommodate, how numerous classrooms and types of special room they want theater, if we were designing a academy we’d want to know the age group. Everything that goes into a structure is called The Program; this is the first crucial point to identify before beginning a structure design. You ca not design a structure without know what it’ll be used for and how it should be used.

 If you wanted me to design a structure for you and I could only ask one question that question would be what’s the Building Program?


Site Analysis

The alternate step in gathering information before beginning an architectural design is to identify the point. The point for a new structure is extremely critical and will greatly affect the design. You cannot make a structure without a point and nor should you design one. I actually have had numerous people call me who want me to design a structure for them without a point. I find this veritably problematic. The point will inform the design if the structure. There are in numerous ways a point can affect an architectural design. Point analysis should be performed before beginning an architectural design. Then are a many points about a point that can affect a structure design.

  • Natural Elements
  • Views
  • Inspiration
  • Shape and Size of the Site
  • Solar Orientation
  • Access
  • Topography
  • Weather Patterns
  • Local Regulations
  • Utility Access


Architecture is erected in the physical world and has numerous constraints. Relating constraints beforehand on are critical to a structure design. Knowing a systems limitations is as important as knowing its eventuality. There are numerous constraints you can have on a design but I’ll list a many common bones Zoning Codes

  • Building Codes
  • Budget
  • Local Labor
  • Material Availability


What’s the idea? Is there an booting architectural conception for the structure? I would try to identify a conception for the design before beginning any factual design.


A mastermind and their customer must establish a set of pretensions before beginning a design. There are numerous different pretensions for a design and they should be outlined as early as possible in the process.

 One illustration of a thing for someone erecting a house may be to Design a Sustainable House. Another thing for an inventor erecting an apartment structure may be to maximize profit. An academy may have a thing to design for bettered literacy and security. A gallery might want to design with a thing for erecting a creative and innovative work of armature. A commercial headquarters might have a thing of branding and image.


You might have wondered what are different stages while furnishing Architectural Design Services. Be it hostel, domestic design armature, marketable, storehouse, storehouse, artificial or retail, etc. In this composition, we will explain all phases that are involved in a design- figure of a new construction/ development design.

There are typically 5 stages of architectural design involved in a design-build of any project.

These 5 phases/stages are


The first ideal is to get- together with a customer and determines overall design vision and pretensions. Irrespective of the assiduity being domestic, healthcare, artificial, hospitalizes, there are some crucial areas to bandy the design – compass, features, purpose, and functionality. In this phase, we carry out

  • Client consultation
  • Existing conditions survey and documentation
  • Photographs
  • Measurements
  • Compile existing drawings if any
  • Prepare high-level base drawings
  • Statement of probable build/construction cost
  • Programming space and use
  • Code review

This phase ends with owner’s decision to move forward with a project.


In this phase, we do series of rough sketches delineations that illustrate the introductory generalities of the design. Also, original exploration of original compliance and regulations are completed at this time.

At the end of this phase, we deliver

  • Floor plans of all levels with generic openings and plumbing fixtures
  • Exterior building elevations with representative openings and finishes
  • Building cross-section
  • Typical wall section

And we move to the next phase with the owner’s approval.


Design development collects the results from the schematic design phase and takes them one step further. This phase involves finishing the design and specifying particulars similar as accoutrements, window and door locales and general structural details.

At the end of this phase, we deliver

  • Floor plans with a proposed basis of design openings and plumbing fixtures
  • Overall dimensions
  • Structural grid dimensions
  • Interior wall dimensions
  • Exterior elevations with a proposed basis of design openings and finishes
  • Additional building sections
  • Wall sections at all typical conditions
  • Typical details
  • Additional details to establish a basis for design products

Now we have given shape to project’s vision through drawings and written specifications.


By now we’ve a final design. We can begin preparing construction delineations arrangements, notes, and specialized specifications necessary for bidding, construction, and permit operation. Construction contractors will use these detailed delineations and specifications to prepare for the construction.

In this phase, we deliver

  • Floor plans fully annotated
  • All dimensions
  • Room, wall, door, and window identification
  • Section and detail indicators
  • General notes and detailed notes
  • Exterior elevations fully annotated
  • All building sections required for construction
  • Wall sections at all conditions
  • Details fully annotated
  • Structural plans, details, and notes
  • Plumbing plans, schedules, details, and notes
  • HVAC plans, schedules, details, and notes
  • Electrical power and lighting plans, schedules, details, and notes

And we move to the final phase


Finally, the construction is underway.

During this phase, we will make as per the design intent. Also if there are any changes, we bandy changes and options with the proprietor. It ensures that differences are compatible with proprietor’s vision for the design. This is the last phase and at the end of this phase, a design is ready for the use/ residency.